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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 88-94

Systematic review on effectiveness of theory-based intervention on self-care behaviors among patients with type 2 diabetes


1 Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Medicine, Sana’a University, Head of Medical Department, Al Thawra General Teaching Hospital, Sana’a, Yemen

Correspondence Address:
Abeer Yahya Ahmed Al-Washali
Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2542-3975.242955

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Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of theory-based intervention on self-care behaviors among patients with type 2 diabetes. Data sources: Medline, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and CINAHL database were searched to identify relevant English studies published during 2005–2017. Data selection: The key words that have been used to search for relevant studies were type 2 diabetes, diabetes self-care behaviors, theory-based intervention, and the name of the behavior theories such as social cognitive theory, health belief model, and other theories. Because self-care and self-management are being used interchangeably in some literature, self-management was entered to obtain all relevant studies. Included studies were randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies. Outcome measures: The outcome was diabetes self-care behaviors. Results: Thirteen studies met all the inclusion criteria and had been reviewed and included in this systematic review. The interventions in eleven studies were based on one theory. Conclusion: Theory-based interventions are effective in enhancing diabetes self-care behaviors among patients with type 2 diabetes.


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