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STUDY PROTOCOL
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 53-58

Correlating oxidative stress-related factors with bone metabolic markers in older adult male patients exhibiting degenerative osteoporosis in the high-altitude hypoxic area of China: study protocol for a non-randomized controlled trial


1 Department of Bone Traumatology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining, Qinghai Province, China
2 Department of Orthopedics, Qinghai Province Reserve Brigade Hospital, Xining, Qinghai Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Jian-wen Ma
Department of Bone Traumatology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining, Qinghai Province
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2542-3975.216582

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Background and objectives: Hypoxia is an important factor that affects bone formation and regulates bone growth. Therefore, many older adult patients living in high-altitude hypoxic areas exhibit osteoporosis. Oxidative stress-related hypoxia-inducible factors can induce abnormal expression of various factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor, and endothelin. However, it remains unclear whether these factors influence changes in bone metabolic markers. This study protocol aimed to investigate the correlation between oxidative stress-related factors and bone metabolic markers in older adult male patients with degenerative osteoporosis who reside in the high-altitude hypoxic area of China. Design: A prospective, single-center, non-randomized, controlled trial. Methods: One hundred and twenty older adult male patients with degenerative osteoporosis residing in the high-altitude area of China who receive treatment at the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University of China between January 2015 and February 2018 are being included in the osteoporosis group. One hundred and twenty healthy older adult males who concurrently received physical examination are being included in the control group. One day after admission, serum levels of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α), HIF-2α, VEGF, osteocalcin, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bone mineral density in L1–4 segments, right femoral neck, and the greater trochanter of the femur was detected using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Outcome measures: The primary outcome measure of this study is serum HIF-1α levels at 1 day after admission. Secondary outcome measures include serum levels of HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF, osteocalcin, and TRACP 5b at 1 day after admission, as well as the correlation between serum levels of oxidative stress indicators (HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF) and bone metabolic markers (osteocalcin and TRACP 5b) at 1 day after admission. Discussion: Findings from this study aim to validate the correlation between oxidative stress-related factors and bone metabolic markers in older adult male patients with degenerative osteoporosis who reside in the high-altitude area of China. Ethics and dissemination: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University of China (approval No. QHY1402G). The study was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Participants are informed of the study protocol and procedures, and sign an informed consent. Participant recruitment, blood sampling, and data collection began in January 2015 and will be ended in February 2018. Outcome measure analysis and trial completion will be in March 2018. Results will be disseminated through presentations at scientific meetings and/or by publication in peer-reviewed journals. Trial registration: This trial was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR-ROC-17012848).


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